Tag: interest rate

Some economists believe that deflation is now a more serious threat than inflation. If this is the case then conventional monetary policy may not be enough to prevent deflation. In the article below, Gavyn Davies argues that the solution is to start thinking like South American dictators and print more money!

We must start thinking like South American dictators Guardian (13/11/08)


  1. Explain what is meant by “deflation”.
  2. Examine the link between deflation and depression.
  3. Explain why deflation requires a different policy response from inflation.
  4. Discuss the likely success of a policy of “printing money” in preventing deflation.
  5. Assess the impact of financing tax cuts through the sale of government bonds in a deflationary situation.

Rising food prices (5.5% increase over the past year) and rising energy costs have led to a rise in overall inflation. The consumer price index rose from 2.5% in March to 3% in April, triggering concerns that the Governor of the Bank of England, Mervyn King, would have once again to write an explanatory letter to the Chancellor for inflation going over its target rate.

Biggest jump in cost of living for six years surprises the city Guardian (4/5/08)
The danger of inflation fixation Guardian (14/5/08)
Dear Alistair …. Guardian (13/5/08)
Rising food prices send inflation surging to 3% Guardian (13/5/08)
Playing the percentage game for high stakes Guardian (9/5/08)
High street prices in biggest surge since 1992 Times Online (29/5/08)
UK inflation jumps to 3% in April BBC News Online (13/5/08)


1. Explain the principal factors that led to the sharp rise in the cost of living for April.
2. Assess the extent to which inflation may be higher for many groups in society than the consumer price index figures indicate.
3. Discuss the extent to which an interest rate increase would help to reduce inflation in a climate of rising food and energy prices.