The following article from The Economist looks at the role of imports in stimulating economic development in developing countries. It questions the simple perception of many people, not least politicians, that exports are good, but imports are bad. Far from merely being a drain on the balance of payments and a threat to domestic industries, imports can provide both useful competitive pressures and access to intermediate goods.
- How can reducing trade barriers and thereby reducing the price of imports help a developing country?
- Consider whether the total removal of trade barriers would be desirable for developing countries.
- Explain what is meant by “But the Indian variant of creative destruction seemed unusually benign” and why this was so.
- Why has it proved so difficult to secure an international agreement to reduce trade barriers under the Doha trade round?