Increased demand for milk and milk-based products has led to the EU agreeing to increase milk quotas by 2% from April. The move was backed by most countries but Germany and Austria opposed the move on the basis that increased quotas would push milk prices down and therefore hit many farmers.
EU farmers to produce more milk BBC News Online (17/3/08)
|Using diagrams as appropriate, show how EU milk quotas affect the equilibrium price and level of output in the market for milk.
|Analyse the likely impact of a 2% increase in quotas on the equilibrium price and level of output in the market for milk. (n.b. as part of your answer you may like to consider the likely value of the price elasticity of demand for milk and the impact this is likely to have on the market price.)
|Discuss the effectiveness of using milk quotas in maintaining income levels for dairy farmers.